The material presented is suitable for case studies in university courses such as General Ecology (cycling of matter and energy, land use, agricultural ecosystems), Environmental Science and Sustainable Development (eutrophication, policy making), Food and Meal Sciences (food production, food societies). Especially Granstedt (2012) may be used as a main textbook in more specialized courses like the university course Sustainable Food Societies given by BERAS in 2012.

Farming for the Future – with a focus on the Baltic Sea Region

In this book, Artur Granstedt describes how ecologically adapted farming, based on local recycling and renewable energy sources, can reduce the eutrophication of the Baltic Sea and even help to reduce climate change. We are presented with descriptions of the ecosystems that support the health of the biosphere – terrestrial and marine, the climate, and global food production. In addition to that, a historical overview of agricultural practices which can deplete the resources that support our existence is given. The author explains, with examples, how we can restore fertility to the soil, bring depleted land back to bloom and produce food that can nourish the world. In English and Swedish.

Artur Granstedt holds a Ph.D. in Agronomics is Associate Professor at Södertörn University, and Coordinator of the BERAS project (Baltic Ecological Recycling Agriculture and Society).

Download in English and Swedish

Guidelines for Ecological Recycling Agriculture

Highly intensive and specialized agriculture endangers the environment of the Baltic Sea. BERAS Implementation contributes to solve this problem through a systemic shift to Ecological Recycling Agriculture. Guidelines developed by scientists and advisors provide expertise for Ecological Recycling Agriculture (ERA) to farmers and advisers as well as for the educational sector and decision makers.

Farming Guidelines (Vol. 1) provide practical recommendations for ERA. They present agronomic measures and optimization strategies for effective nutrient recycling within and between farms during and after conversion. Software Tools help to improve crop rotation planning and nitrogen fluxes at farm level.
Stein-Bachinger, Reckling, Granstedt et al.

Economic Guidelines (Vol. 2) give advice and support to farmers on how to plan the conversion process and highlight how the changes to ERA farming will affect the farm economy.
Reeder, Redelberger, Schmidt

Marketing Guidelines (Vol. 3) provide support and ideas to farmers on how to more effectively promote and sell organic and ERA products.
Jonczyk, Stalenga, Heinonen, Koreleska

Farm Examples (Vol. 4) are a personal presenta¬tion of different farms around the Baltic Sea. They focus on the chal¬lenges and future plans of farms mainly in con-version to ERA.
Koker, Stein-Bachinger et al.

To read and download, please visit ERA Guidelines

Policy Interventions for Ecological Recycling Agriculture

A book by Peter Einarsson with recommendation for policies, legislation and strategies for conversion to BERAS principles

Ecological recycling agriculture (ERA) results in low animal densities, high animal feed self-sufficiency, and low plant nutrient surplus. Model estimates indicate that a conversion to ERA would enable agriculture in the Baltic Sea region to meet the plant nutrient reduction targets agreed under the Baltic Sea Action Plan (BSAP). The paper explores the policy options available to governments that wish to promote a conversion to ERA. It concludes that although WTO and EU memberships impose certain policy restrictions, national flexibility is considerable both in terms of legislation, taxation and financial support schemes. For EU member states, there exist a number of little-used possibilities to utilize funding from the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) to reward farmers for recycling practices. While more fundamental reform of the CAP would be needed to introduce ERA on a broad scale, much can be done already in the current policy framework. A number of policy tools are already used by national governments to address nutrient surpluses in agriculture, but coherent strategies are missing and the systemic nature of nutrient surpluses – emphasized by current science – is not well understood. Among the key recommendations in this paper are the following measures, all of which are immediately available to national governments.

To read and download, please visit Policy publications

BERAS Summer Academy

A five weeks long (7,5 ECTS) summer course for university students took place in 2012. The course address among other issues: What is a food society? How does the food society contribute to the environmental situation in the Baltic Sea? How can plant and animal production be part of a sustainable agriculture? Two of these five weeks, 23 July – 3 August, was spent in Sweden at Campus Järna, some 40 km south from Stockholm. The area around Campus Järna offers a unique set of organic farms, food enterprises, retailers etc giving the students good opportunities to get a grasp of all aspects of a sustainable food society.

Read and download the course description here

BERAS Implementation (2010-2013) Reports

To read and download the results from BERAS Implementation, please visit BERAS Implementation’s website

BERAS 2003-2006 Reports

To read and download the results from research carried out in BERAS project (2003-2006), please visit Research publications

Peer Reviewed Articles

To read and download BERAS related peer reviewed article, please visit Research publications