BERAS develops and implements practical examples where research, innovation and entrepreneurship from a multi sectorial engagement flow into realistic fully integrated ecological alternatives for the whole food chain from farmer to consumer.
Ecological Regenerative Agriculture (ERA) is based on the ecological principles of renewable resources, recycling and biodiversity which make the farm part of the ecosystem.
ERA integrates organic crop production and animal husbandry. The number of animals is balanced with the available farm land. Combined with the cultivation of leguminous grassland as part of the crop rotation the farm can reach a high degree of self-sufficiency in fodder and fertiliser.
ERA has the potential to:
• lower the leaching of nitrogen and phosphorous to the environment through recirculation of nutrients
• reduce greenhouse gas emissions through low input of external resources and carbon sinks
• improve soil fertility and natural nitrogen reserves through increased legume cultivation
• avoid synthetic pesticides and enhance the natural control of pests through crop rotations
• enhance biodiversity through a diverse cropping system and low-input farming methods
To support conversion to ERA farming the project develops ERA Guidelines and an Education Programme, evaluate the environmental, economic and social impacts and makes Policy Recommendations.