Publications from BERAS International 2014-2015

omslagsbildSustainable agriculture within the Baltic Sea Region
Resilience of our ecosystems is at stake. Despite various measures the eutrophication of the Baltic Sea is not decreasing and the resilience of multiple ecosystems is at stake. In this situation business as usual is not an option. New approaches are needed creating a safe operating space within the environmental boundaries. BERAS develops and implements practical examples where innovation and entrepreneurship from a multi sectorial engagement fl ows into realistic fully integrated ecological alternatives for the whole food chain from farmer to consumer.

Publications from BERAS Implementation 2010-2013

Farming-for-the-future-webFarming for the Future – with a focus on the Baltic Sea Region
In this book Artur Granstedt, Ph.D. in Agronomics and Associate Professor at Södertörn University, Sweden, and Coordinator of BERAS, the Baltic Sea project at the University, describes how ecologically adapted farming based on local recycling and renewable energy sources can reduce the eutrophication of the Baltic Sea and even help to reduce global warming. Widespread conversion to organic farming methods would furthermore stop the spread of toxic chemicals on farmland, benefit biodiversity and stimulate social and economic development in rural areas in the Baltic Sea region. The book starts with a description of the ecosystems that support the health of the biosphere – terrestrial and marine, the climate, and global food production. Granstedt also gives a historical overview of agricultural practices, noting the various ways in which human activity alters the natural order of things and, if we are not mindful, can deplete the resources that support our existence. But he also gives examples of how we can turn negative trends to the better, how we can restore fertility to the soil and bring depleted land to bloom once again and produce nourishing food that can feed the world.

Artur Granstedt writes on the basis of decades of experience as an organic farmer, researcher, adviser and teacher of ecologically sustainable agriculture. The book reports the results of field trials and evaluations on farms in eight countries around the Baltic Sea that were conducted in the project, Baltic Ecological Regenerative Agriculture and Society (BERAS). This comprehensive project, which was supported in part by funding from the European Union, is now continuing in an implementation phase, focusing on how agriculture throughout the region can be converted to profitable and ecologically sustainable methods of production.

Download English and Swedish

Updated appendix in Swedish

Conversion-to-Ecological-Recycling-Agriculture-and-Society---webConversion to Ecological Recycling Agriculture and Society – Environmental, economic and sociological assessments and scenarios
This report gathers the scientific results of the environmental, economic and sociological assessments and scenarios within the BERAS Implementation project. It includes theoretical frameworks, production models and evaluations of the conversion process based on a number of ERA case studies. Environmental impacts of farming systems, economic perspectives on conversion as well as policy recommendations for supporting a shift to ERA are presented.

Download the report here

Reports from BERAS 2003-2006

The results from research carried out in BERAS project (2003-2006) form the basis for the current BERAS Implementation project (2010-2013) and are made available in seven reports. These reports together with an executive summary can be accessed below.

BERAS Executive Summary

Granstedt. A. 2007. Baltic Ecological Recycling Agriculture and Society (BERAS) Executive Summary (not in printed version)  

BERAS Report nr 1

Sepännen, L (ed.). July 2004. Local and Organic Food and Farming around the Baltic Sea. Ekologiskt lantbruk nr 40. 

BERAS Report nr 2

Granstedt, A., Seuri, P. and Thomsson, O.. December 2004. Effective recycling agriculture around the Baltic Sea. Ekologiskt lantbruk nr 41.

BERAS Report nr 3

Sumelius, J. (Ed). 2005. Possibilities for and Economic Consequences of Switching to Local Economical studies within WP3. Ecological Recycling Agriculture. Ekologiskt lantbruk nr 43

BERAS Report nr 4

Kakriainen, S., von Essen H. (ed.). Augusti 2005. Obstacles and Solutions in Use of Local and Organic Food. Ekologiskt lantbruk nr 44.

BERAS Report nr 5

Granstedt, A., Thomsson, O. and Schneider, T. January 2006. Environmental Impacts of Ecological Food Systems – Final Report from BERAS. Ekologiskt lantbruk nr 46.

BERAS Report nr 6

Sumelius, J. & Vesala, K.M. (eds.). December 2005. Approaches to Social Sustainability in Alternative Food Systems. Ekologiskt lantbruk nr 47.

BERAS Report nr 7

Kahiluoto, H., Berg, P.G. , Granstedt, A., Fisher, H. & Thomsson, O June 2006. The Power of Local – Sustainable Food Systems Around the Baltic Sea. Ekologiskt lantbruk Eds.


BERAS Related Peer Reviewed Publications

Granstedt, A., Schneider, T., Seuri, P. and Thomsson, O. 2008. Ecological Recycling Agriculture to Reduce Nutrient Pollution to the Baltic Sea. Journal Biological Agriculture and Horticulture, 26(3) 279-307.

Granstedt, A. & Kjellenberg, L. 2008. Organic and biodynamic cultivation – a possible way of increasing humus capital, improving soil fertility and be a significant carbon sink in Nordic conditions. Second Scientific ISOFAR Conference in Modena 18-20 June 2008.

Granstedt, A., Tyburskij, J., Stalenga J. 2007. Nutrient Balances in Organic Farms. Baltic Sea project BERAS (Baltic Ecological Recycling Agriculture and Society), results from Poland. In: Scientific Agricultural conference Poznan August, 2007.

Granstedt, A. 2000. Increasing the efficiency of plant nutrient recycling within the agricultural system as a way of reducing nutrient pollution to the Baltic Sea. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 1570 (2000) 1–17. Elsevier Science B.V. Amsterdam

Granstedt, A., L-Baeckström, G. 2000. Studies of the preceding crop effect of leys in ecological agriculture. American Journal of Alternative Agriculture, vol. 15, no. 2, pages 68–78. Washington University.

Granstedt, A. 1995. Studies on the flow supply and losses of nitrogen and other plant nutrients in conventional and ecological agricultural systems in Sweden. Biological Agriculture and Horticulture. vol. 11, 51–67.

Granstedt A. 1992. Case studies on the flow and supply of nitrogen in alternative farming in Sweden. Biological Agriculture and Horticulture 9:15-63.

Helmfried, H., Haden, A. and Ljung M. 2007. The Role of Action Research (AR) in Environmental Research: Learning from a Local Organic Food and Farming Research Project. Journal Systemic Practice and Action Research.

Larsson, Markus 2012. Environmental Entrepreneurship in Organic Agriculture in Järna, Sweden, Journal of Sustainable Agriculture, 36:2, 153-179.

Larsson, M., Granstedt, A. and Thomsson, O. 2011. Sustainable Food System –Targeting Production Methods, Distribution or Food Basket Content? . In Tech – Organic Food and Agriculture / Book 1.

Larsson, M. and Granstedt, A. 2010. Sustainable governance of the agriculture and the Baltic Sea – agricultural reforms, food production and curbed eutrophication. Ecological Economics, vol. 69, no. 10, 15 August 2010.

Nousiainen, M., Pylkkinen, P., Saunders, F., Seppinen, L., and Vesala, K.M. 2009. Are Alternative Food Systems Socially Sustainable? A Case Study from Finland. Journal of Sustainable Agriculture, Volume 33, Issue 5 July 2009 , pages 566 – 594.